Callister's Materials Science and Engineering | R. Balasubramaniam
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Callisters Materials Science and Engineering by R. Balasubramaniam

Language: English

Publisher: Wiley Publications

ISBN-10: 8126541601

ISBN-13: 9788126541607

Length: 838 Pages

 

Callister's Materials Science And Engineering is a textbook designed for engineering students to teach them fundamental theories in this field. The book is paired with a CD-ROM, thus helping students visualize each concept. Professionals can use this book and CD as a reference source.

Summary Of The Book

Callister's Materials Science And Engineeringwas originally written by Professor Callister, and has now been adapted into an Indian edition by R. Balasubramaniam. This book presents readers with clear explanations of important concepts. It focuses on three main types of materials and composites, namely metals, ceramics, and polymers. It goes on to describe the relationships between structural elements of materials and the properties they possess. The book also covers mechanical behavior and failure, and provides ways in which performance can be improved.

This adapted version ofCallister's Materials Science And Engineeringhas made updates to the previous topics covered in the book. The contents of this textbook are as per the syllabus of material science and engineering courses in many South Asian universities. The course structure of NITs, IITs, Anna University, and Jawaharlal Nehru Technical University have been taken into consideration in the sequencing of chapters in the book. Some of them are Imperfections in Solids, Properties of Metals, Polymer Structures, and Electrical Properties. Students who study the concepts in-depth, and are able to solve the questions listed in this book, will excel in this subject. The author has provided the solutions to the problem sets in order for students to thoroughly understand each topic. Several examples placed throughout the book help in comprehending the application of these theories in the real world. Though this book serves as a textbook in engineering colleges, it can be used as a reference guide by researchers, and practising engineers.

Callister's Materials Science And Engineeringcomes with a CD-ROM package. This interactive mode of learning makes it easier for students to grasp the subject. The last five chapters, solutions to selected questions, and answers to concept check questions are provided in the CD. Visualization of the concepts gives students an added advantage in understanding material science and engineering.

About the Author

R. Balasubramaniamis an author and instructor of engineering.

He graduated with a Bachelor of Technology in Metallurgical Engineering in 1984 from the Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University.

He was the recipient of the Universitys Gold Medal. He then completed his Ph.D in 1990 from the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, where he later became an Adjunct Faculty. Balasubramaniam moved back to India in 1990 and taught in the Department of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur.

The author has written several books, some of which areDelhi Iron Pillar: New Insights, The World Heritage Complex of the Qutub, Marvels of Indian Iron through Ages,andThe Saga of Indian Cannons. He has also published articles in many international journals and newspapers. Balasubramaniam was awarded the Best Metallurgist award in 1999 by the Indian Institute of Metals. He has also received the Directors Citation for Best Teacher at IIT Kanpur numerous times.

 

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
Learning Objectives
1.1 Historical Perspectives
1.2 Materials Science and Engineering
1.3 Why Study Materials Science and Engineering
1.4 Classification of Materials
1.5 Advanced Materials
1.6 Modern Materials Needs
References

2. Atomic Structure and Interatomic Bonding
Learning Objectives
2.1 Introduction
Atomic Structure
2.2 Fundamental Concepts
2.3 Electrons in Atoms
2.4 The Periodic Table
Atomic Bonding in Solids
2.5 Bonding Forces and Energies
2.6 Primary Interatomic Bonds
2.7 Secondary Bonding or van der Waals Bonding
2.8 Molecules
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

3. Fundamentals of Structure of Crystalline Solids
Learning Objectives
3.1 Introduction
Crystalline Structures
3.2 Fundamental Concepts
3.3 Unit Cells
3.4 Crystal Systems
Crystallographic Points, Directions and Planes
3.5 Point Coordinates
3.6 Crystallographic Directions
3.7 Crystallographic Planes
Crystalline and Non-crystalline Materials
3.8 Single Crystals
3.9 Polycrystalline Materials
3.10 Anisotropy
3.11 Non-crystalline Solids
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

4. Structures of Crystalline Solids
Learning Objectives
4.1 Introduction
Metallic Crystal Structures
4.2 The Face Centered Cubic Crystal Structure
4.3 The Body Centered Cubic Crystal Structure
4.4 The Hexagonal Close Packed Crystal Structure
4.5 Density Computations
4.6 Atomic Arrangements
4.7 Linear and Planar Densities
4.8 Close Packed Crystal Structures
4.9 Polymorphism and Allotropy
Ceramic Crystal Structures
4.10 Radius Ratio Rules
4.11 AX - Type Crystal Structures
4.12 AmXp Type Crystal Structures
4.13 AmBnXp Type Crystal Structures
4.14 Crystal Structure from Close Packing of Anions
4.15 Ceramic Density Computations
4.16 Silicate Ceramics
4.17 Carbon
Polymer Structures
4.18 Polymer Crystallinity
4.19 Polymer Crystals
X-Ray diffraction
4.20 Determination of Crystal Structures
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

5. Imperfections in Solids
Learning Objectives
5.1 Introduction
Point Defects
5.2 Vacancies and Self Interstitials
5.3 Impurities in Solids
5.4 Specification of Composition
5.5 Imperfections in Ceramics
Miscellaneous Imperfections
5.6 Dislocations š…œLinear Defects
5.7 Interfacial Defects
5.8 Bulk or Volume Defects
5.9 Atomic Vibrations
5.10 Defects in Polymers
Microscopic Examination
5.11 General
5.12 Microscopic Techniques
5.13 Grain Size Determination
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

6. Diffusion
Learning Objectives
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Diffusion Mechanism
6.3 Steady State Diffusion
6.4 Non steady-state Diffusion
6.5 Factors that Influence Diffusion
6.6 Other Diffusion Paths
6.7 Diffusion in Ionic Materials
6.8 Diffusion in Polymeric Materials
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

7. Phase Diagrams
Learning Objectives
7.1 Introduction
Definitions and Basic Concepts
7.2 Solubility Limit
7.3 Phases
7.4 Microstructure
7.5 Phase Equilibria
7.6 One-Component (or Unary) Phase Diagram
Binary Phase Diagrams
7.7 Binary Isomorphous Systems
7.8 Interpretation of Phase Diagrams
7.9 Development of Microstructure in Isomorphous Alloys
7.10 Mechanical Properties of Isomorphous Alloys
7.11 Binary Eutectic Systems
7.12 Development of Microstructure in Eutectic Alloys
7.13 Equilibrium Diagrams having Intermediate Phases or Compounds
7.14 Eutectic and Peritectic Reactions
7.15 Congruent Phase Transformations
7.16 Ceramic and Ternary Phase Diagrams
7.17 The Gibbs Phase Rule
The Iron-Carbon System
7.18 The Iron-Iron Carbide Phase Diagram
7.19 Development of Microstructure in Iron-Carbon alloys
7.20 The Influence of other Alloying Elements
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

8. Phase Transformations
Learning Objectives
8.1 Introduction
Phase Transformations
8.2 Basic Concepts
8.3 The Kinetics of Phase Transformations
8.4 Metastable versus Equilibrium Phases
Microstructures and Property Changes in Iron š…œ Carbon alloys
8.5 Isothermal Transformation Diagrams
8.6 Continuous Cooling Transformation Diagrams
8.7 Mechanical Behaviour of Iron š…œ Carbon Alloys
8.8 Tempered Martensite
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

9. Mechanical Properties of Metals
Learning Objectives
9.1 Introduction
Types of Metal Alloys
9.2 Ferrous Alloys
9.3 Nonferrous Alloys
9.4 Thermal Processing of Metals
Deformation
9.5 Concepts of Stress and Strain
9.6 Elastic Deformation
Stress-Strain Behaviour
Anealsticity
Elastic Properties of Materials
9.7 Plastic Deformation
Tensile Properties
True Stress and Strain
Elastic Recovery after Plastic Deformation
Compressive, Shear and Torsional Deformation
9.8 Hardness
Property Variability and Design/Safety Factors
9.9 Variability of Mechanical Properties
9.10 Design/Safety Factors
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

10. Dislocations and Strengthening Mechanisms in Metals
Learning Objectives
10.1 Introduction
Dislocations and Plastic Deformation
10.2 Basic Concepts
10.3 Characteristics of Dislocations
10.4 Slip Systems
10.5 Slip in Single Crystals
10.6 Plastic Deformation of Polycrystalline Materials
10.7 Deformation by Twinning
Mechanisms of Strengthening in Metals
10.8 Strengthening by Grain Size Reduction
10.9 Solid Solution Strengthening
10.10 Strain Hardening
Recovery, Recrystallization and Grain Growth
10.11 Recovery
10.12 Recrystallization
10.13 Grain Growth
Precipitation Hardening
10.14 Precipitation Hardening
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

11. Failure of Metals
Learning Objectives
11.1 Introduction
Fracture
11.2 Fundamentals of Fracture
11.3 Ductile Fracture
11.4 Brittle Fracture
11.5 Principles of Fracture Mechanics
11.6 Impact Fracture Testing
Fatigue
11.7 Cyclic Stresses
11.8 The S-N Curve
11.9 Crack Initiation and Propagation
11.10 Factors that affect Fatigue Life
11.11 Environmental Effects
Creep
11.12 Generalized Creep Behaviour
11.13 Stress and Temperature Effects
11.14 Data Extrapolation Methods
11.15 Alloys for High Temperature Use
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

12. Applications and Properties of Ceramics
Learning Objectives
12.1 Introduction
Types and Applications of Ceramics
12.2 Glasses
12.3 Glass-Ceramics
12.4 Clay Products
12.5 Refractories
12.6 Abrasives
12.7 Cements
12.8 Advanced Ceramics
Phase Diagrams
12.9 Ceramic Phase Diagrams
Mechanical Properties
12.10 Brittle Fracture of Ceramics
12.11 Stress-Strain Behaviour
12.12 Mechanisms of Plastic Deformation
12.13 Miscellaneous Mechanical Considerations
Other Properties
12.14 Glass Properties
12.15 Heat Treatment of Glasses
Annealing
Tempering
12.16 Heat Treatment of Glass Ceramics
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

13. Structures of Polymer
Learning Objectives
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Hydrocarbon Molecules
13.3 Polymer Molecules
13.4 The Chemistry of Polymer Molecules
13.5 Molecular Weight
13.6 Molecular Shape
13.7 Molecular Structure
13.8 Molecular Configurations
13.9 Thermoplastic and Thermosetting Polymers
13.10 Copolymers
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

14. Characteristics and Applications of Polymers
Learning Objectives
14.1 Introduction
Mechanical Behaviour of Polymers
14.2 Stress-Strain Behaviour
14.3 Macroscopic Deformation
14.4 Viscoelastic Deformation
14.5 Fracture of Polymers
14.6 Miscellaneous Mechanical Characteristics
Mechanisms of Deformation and for Strengthening of Polymers
14.7 Deformation of Semi-crystalline Polymers
14.8 Factors that Influence the Mechanical Properties of Semicrystalline Polymers
14.9 Deformation of Elastomers
Crystallization, Melting and Glass Transition Phenomena in Polymers
14.10 Crystallization
14.11 Melting
14.12 The Glass Transition
14.13 Melting and Glass Transition Temperatures
14.14 Factors that influence Melting and Glass Transition Temperatures
Polymer Types
14.15 Plastics
14.16 Elastomers
14.17 Fibres
14.18 Miscellaneous Applications
14.19 Advanced Polymeric Materials
14.20 Polyermization
14.21 Polymer Additives
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

15. Composite Materials
Learning Objectives
15.1 Introduction
Particle-Reinforced Composites
15.2 Large Particle Composites
15.3 Dispersion-Strengthened Composites
Fiber Reinforced Composites
15.4 Influence of Fiber Length
15.5 Influence of Fiber Orientation and Concentration
15.6 The Fiber Phase
15.7 The Matrix Phase
15.8 Polymer-Matrix Composites
15.9 Metal-Matrix Composites
15.10 Ceramic-Matrix Composites
15.11 Carbon-Carbon Composites
15.12 Hybrid Composites
Structural Composites
15.13 Laminar Composites
15.14 Sandwich Panels
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

16. Corrosion and Degradation
Learning Objectives
16.1 Introduction
Corrosion of Metals
16.2 Electrochemical Considerations
16.3 Corrosion Rates
16.4 Prediction of Corrosion Rates
16.5 Passivity
16.6 Environmental Effects
16.7 Forms of Corrosion
16.8 Corrosion Environments
16.9 Corrosion Prevention
16.10 Oxidation
Corrosion of Ceramic Materials
Degradation of Polymers
16.11 Swelling and Dissolution
16.12 Bond Rupture
16.13 Weathering
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

17. Electrical Properties of Materials
Learning Objectives
17.1 Introduction
Electrical Conduction
17.2 Ohms Law
17.3 Electrical Conductivity
17.4 Electronic and Ionic Conduction
17.5 Energy Band Structures in Solids
17.6 Conduction in Terms of Band and Atomic Bonding Models
17.7 Electron Mobility
17.8 Electrical Resistivity of Metals
17.9 Electrical Characteristics of Commercial Alloys
Semiconductivity
17.10 Intrinsic Semiconduction
17.11 Extrinsic Semiconduction
17.12 The Temperature Dependence of Carrier Concentration
17.13 Factors that Affect Carrier Mobility
17.14 The Hall Effect
17.15 Semiconductor Devices
Electrical Conduction in Ionic Ceramics and in Polymers
17.16 Conduction in Ionic Materials
17.17 Electrical Properties of Polymers
Dielectric Behaviour
17.18 Capacitance
17.19 Field Vectors and Polarization
17.20 Types of Polarization
17.21 Frequency Dependance of the Dielectric Constant
17.22 Dielectric Strength
17.23 Dielectric Materials
Other Electrical Characteristics of Materials
17.24 Ferroelectricity
17.25 Piezoelectricity
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems

18. Magnetic Properties
Learning Objectives
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Basic Concepts
18.3 Diamagnetism and Paramagnetism
18.4 Ferromagnetism
18.5 Antiferromagnetism and Ferrimagnetism
18.6 The Influence of Temperature on Magnetic Behavior
18.7 Domains and Hysteresis
18.8 Magnetic Anisotropy
18.9 Soft Magnetic Materials
18.10 Hard Magnetic Materials
18.11 Magnetic Storage
18.12 Superconductivity
Summary
References
Questions and Problems
Design Problems


19. Thermal Properties
Learning Objectives
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Heat Capacity
19.3 Thermal Expansion
19.4 Thermal Conductivity
19.5 Thermal Stresses
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Questions and Problems
Design Problems

20. Optical Properties
Learning Objectives
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Electromagnetic Radiation
20.3 Light Interactions with Solids
20.4 Atomic and Electronic Interactions
20.5 Refraction
20.6 Reflection
20.7 Absorption
20.8 Transmission
20.9 Color
20.10 Opacity and Translucency in Insulators
20.11 Luminescence
20.12 Photoconductivity
20.13 Lasers
20.14 Optical Fibers in Communications
Summary
References
Questions and Problems
Design Problem

21. Materials Selection and Design Considerations
Learning Objectives
21.1 Introduction
21.2 Strength Considerationsš…œTorsionally Stressed Shaft
21.3 Other Property Considerations and the Final Decision
21.4 Mechanics of Spring Deformation
21.5 Valve Spring Design and Material Requirements
21.6 One Commonly Employed Steel Alloy
21.7 Introduction
21.8 Testing Procedure and Results
21.9 Discussion
21.10 Anatomy of the Hip Joint
21.11 Material Requirements
21.12 Materials Employed
21.13 Introduction
21.14 Assessment of CPC Glove Materials to Protect Against Exposure to Methylene Chloride
21.15 Introduction
21.16 Leadframe Design and Materials
21.17 Die Bonding
21.18 Wire Bonding
21.19 Package Encapsulation
21.20 Tape Automated Bonding
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Design Questions and Problems
22. Economic, Environmental and Societal Issues in Materials Science and Engineering
Learning Objectives
22.1 Introduction Economic Considerations
22.2 Component Design
22.3 Materials
22.4 Manufacturing Techniques Environmental and Societal Considerations
22.5 Recycling Issues in Materials Science and Engineering
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Design Question

23. Processing of Engineering Materials
Learning Objectives
23.1 Introduction
23.2 Forming Operations
23.3 Casting
23.4 Miscellaneous Techniques
23.5 Heat Treatment of Steels
23.6 Glass Forming
23.7 Fabrication and Processing of Clay Products
23.8 Powder Pressing
23.9 Tape Casting
23.10 Forming Techniques for Plastics
23.11 Fabrication of Elastomers
23.12 Fabrication of Fibers and Films
23.13 Processing of Fiber Reinforced Composites
Summary
Important Terms and Concepts
References
Design Question

Appendix A: The International System of Units
Appendix B: Properties of Selected Engineering Materials
B1 Density
B2 Modulus of Elasticity
B3 Poisson

Details
Condition 2e
Publication Wiley
Writer R. Balasubramaniam
ISBN-10 8126521430
ISBN-13 9788126521432

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